The Demolition Permit In France: In Which Cases Is It Mandatory?

When is a demolition permit required? You may have to demolish a building in part or its entirety as part of a reconstruction project or for other reasons. If the demolition of certain constructions can be done without any administrative formality, some buildings require that you have a demolition permit for this type of work.

Types of demolition work that require a demolition permit


One of the types of buildings concerned by the demolition permit is those located in a real estate restoration area or in a protected area. When demolition work is to take place in a protected area, it requires a demolition permit to render part or all of a building unusable. In the same way, are concerned the constructions leaned to a building classified as historical monuments or registered as historical monuments.

Another type of construction that requires a demolition permit is those located in the field of visibility of a historical monument in a region of protection of landscape, urban and architectural heritage, or in an area of development of heritage and architecture.

In addition, a permit is required for the demolition of buildings located on a classified site, a site in the process of being classified, or a registered site. Finally, obtaining this document is imperative when the construction to be demolished is identified as a building that a local urban plan must protect.

Apart from the lands located in the protected areas, the demolition permit is established by the decision of the municipal council, in the whole municipal territory or only in some of its sectors. If you need to do earthworks in a reconstruction project, you will not have any difficulty hiring the services of an earthworks professional since these experts are present everywhere in France.

How to know if you need a demolition permit or not?


To find out if the building you want to demolish requires you to obtain a permit, you need to find your way to the urban planning department in your town hall. Depending on the characteristics of your project, the municipality will work to specify the planning permission that must be requested. If you wish to proceed with reconstruction after demolition, you will do well to constitute a file for the development permit or the building permit at the same time as you apply for the demolition permit.

Duration of the permitdemolition

The demolition permit is valid for 3 years. However, the validity period of the permit can be extended twice for 1 year. The authorization is expired if you have not started the works within 3 years or if, after this period, you interrupt them for more than one year.

You must apply for an extension at least 2 months before your permit expires. This extension request must be sent on plain paper, in 2 copies, by registered letter or deposited at the town hall. The extension is granted if the town hall does not send you any decision within 2 months following the reception of your request.

How to constitute a request file for a demolition permit?


The steps to take to request a demolition permit are quite simple. All you have to do is fill in a form and add attachments. You must then submit the complete file to the town hall of the land in question. The form related to the request for a demolition permit must be completed in 4 copies. It will be necessary to issue a 5th and then the 6th copy if the land is located in a national park. A fifth copy must be made if the land is within the perimeter of a classified site, a historical monument, or a heritage site.

If you use a specialist for the demolition of your construction, you have the possibility to authorize him to take the steps relative to the request for a demolition permit on your behalf.

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